While 400G is the answer to increasing data demands, there will be an initial struggle on the network backbone in supporting these initiatives and fulfilling the promise of higher-capacity transport. 400G is not a natural extension to existing network infrastructure, and requires taking into account new restrictions and a redesign of the optical network infrastructure. 400G capacity over a single wavelength with its high baud rate is simply too spectrally wide to pass through the 50-GHz filters and fixed grid ROADMs (reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexers). A new “runway” is required to reap the benefits of this new technology.
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